T HIS study was undertaken for the purpose of comparing the relative merits of oral and vaginal epithelial smears in an attempt to simplify or supplement the clinical method of appraising the endocrine changes during the ovarian cycle in women. Vaginal smears have been shown to be useful in studying the menstrual cycle, and it was felt that similar changes might be reflected in the oral mucosa since the latter possesses certain features in common with the vaginal mucosa, when examined histologically. For example, both areas may simultaneously present signs of leukoplakia, lichen planus, ulcers, and other diseases. On the other hand, there are differences. The oral mucosa is composed of more layers of cells than the resting vaginal mucosa; the outer basal cell layer and the intermediate and superficial cell layers of the vagina do not have exact counterparts in the oral epithelium; the cornified cells, when present, comprise the most superficial layer in the oral epithelium while in the vaginal epithelium the intermediate layer sheds the cornified cells. Despite these differences, if it could be established that the oral mucosa undergoes rhythmic changes as does the vaginal mucosa, the oral smear might prove to be another means of indicating certain hormonal conditions.
Is the skin of the Vulva the same as the skin of the rest of the body
It can help with body image anxiety. Now, her latest work puts vulvas and vaginas in the spotlight thanks to her new book Womanhood: The Bare Reality and forthcoming Channel 4 documentary: Vaginas. And when women share intimate photos and deeply personal experiences relating to their vaginas, the result is a tender yet taboo-exploding message of women reclaiming their womanhood. I think a part of me was shying away from that intimacy because I would have to address my own related experiences. The correct language and understanding of female genitalia is so important to me: the vulva is the whole external package, the vagina is a muscular tube which leads from the cervix the neck of the womb down to the vulva. Later, a BBC report about girls as young as nine seeking labiaplasty — surgery that involves the lips of the vagina being shortened or reshaped — because they were distressed by its appearance, had Laura reaching for her camera again. The key is not concentrating on the size or shape but whether it affects your physical or emotional wellbeing.
Every day for the last year and a half, Hilde Atalanta has painted a picture of one vulva. At first, inspiration came from her imagination; then, from the internet; and, most recently, from women who send her photos of their goods. For the Amsterdam-based illustrator who also paints full bodies and faces, vulvas are compelling portrait subjects. A vulva, by the way, is the name for the visible part of what most people just dub "vagina.
Female genital cosmetic surgery is becoming more and more widespread both in the field of plastic and gynaecological surgery. The increased demand for vulvar surgery is spurred by the belief that the vulva is abnormal in appearance. What is normal in terms of labial anatomy? Labia minora enlargement or hypertrophy remains a clinical diagnosis which is poorly defined as it could be considered a variation of the normal anatomy. Enlarged labia minora can cause functional, aesthetic and psychosocial problems.