Hardcore smokers

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore the characteristics of hardcore smokers who were previously hospitalized. Study design: A descriptive qualitative design was used to investigate a sample of 29 male Taiwanese smokers. Methods: Male hardcore smokers were recruited at a hospital in southern Taiwan and their smoking behaviors and attitudes were explored in semistructured interviews. Inclusion criteria were: 1 smoking at least weekly or daily during the past year, 2 cigarettes during the lifetime, 3 persistent smoking, or 4 at least one hospitalization. Audio-recorded interview data were analyzed using content categorization of the responses.
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Hardcore smokers: what do we know?

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Hardcore smokers: what do we know?

Aims: The existence of smokers who are resistant to smoking cessation treatment has long been noted in the literature. There has been ongoing debate as to whether the proportion of these smokers is increasing as smoking prevalence rates stagnate. This review examines the existing literature related to hardcore smokers to develop a better understanding of what is known and not known about this group to guide smoking cessation treatment. Results: Inconsistent definitions of hardcore smoking make it difficult to estimate prevalence rates and to identify specific characteristics of persistent smokers. Generally, persistent smokers have higher levels of nicotine dependence, are disproportionately from lower socioeconomic groups, start smoking at an earlier age, and are more likely to have a psychological co-morbidity. Discussion: Defining some smokers as hardcore is limiting.
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Hardcore smokers are softening over time

We undertook a systematic review to identify and summarise studies on hardcore smoking and hardening to: determine the degree of variability in definitions of hardcore smoking and hardening; assess the evidence for claims that smokers are becoming increasingly hardened within the context of harm reduction as a policy initiative; and identify the determining characteristics of a hardcore smoker. Definitions of hardcore smoker varied substantially across studies. Hardening was not evident in the general smoking population and we found mounting evidence of softening occurring in smoking populations. These results indicate that hardening of smokers is not occurring and that calls for policy interventions on this basis should be challenged.
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Back in , almost half 46 per cent of adults in the UK smoked, but by that figure had fallen to Average consumption has also fallen from a peak of Yet in England alone, despite such positive developments, smoking still caused about 79, deaths and , hospital admissions during and it remains the leading cause of preventable premature death in this country. Several factors, including increased taxation, education, legislation and local smoking cessation services, have contributed to the marked fall in smoking since the s.
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Comments
  •   Negor May 5, 2020
    Too old. 12's the threshold.
    +23 -3
 
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